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Basic science

A perfect material for lasers is the 3D analogue of graphene

By Lisa McDonald / May 28, 2019

Researchers hoped graphene would prove an ideal material for terahertz-range lasers, but those hopes were dashed in the early 2010s. Now, researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology propose Weyl semimetals, a 3D analogue of graphene, could be the answer.

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Oxygen-11: The lightest-ever isotope of oxygen

By Lisa McDonald / May 17, 2019

Though discovering new elements beyond the 118 confirmed will be difficult, there are abundant opportunities for isotope discovery. The first new isotope confirmed in 2019 is oxygen-11, the lightest-ever form of oxygen to date.

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Flexible glasses in bulk form: A look at sulfur–selenium glasses

By Lisa McDonald / April 16, 2019

While researching the structure of sulfur-selenium glasses, University of California, Davis researchers discovered something exciting—these glasses are flexible in bulk form!

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Predicting macroscale friction in clay-like materials using microscale calculations

By Lisa McDonald / April 12, 2019

Japanese researchers found they could explain macroscopic friction in muscovite using theoretical calculations of microscale frictional forces. They hope to develop a theory that can explain frictional strength across a broad range of clay and clay-like minerals.

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Laying the groundwork: Understanding how external fields affect ceramic sintering

By Jonathon Foreman / March 22, 2019

Field-assisted sintering techniques (FAST) offer a way to lower firing temperatures and cycle times of sintering processes. The feature article in the January 2019 issue of Journal of the American Ceramic Society summarizes discussions from a workshop aimed at understanding the mechanisms behind FAST.

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Borophene, graphene’s lesser-known cousin, advances as 2D materials platform

By Lisa McDonald / March 22, 2019

Borophene, a 2D sheet of boron atoms, is extremely flexible, strong, and lightweight—even more so than graphene, its carbon-based cousin. Researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory and Yale University have succeeded in growing large-area sheets of borophene for the first time.

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Achieving optimal thermal insulators: A review on progress creating highly porous rare-earth silicates

By Lisa McDonald / March 15, 2019

In a recent review article, ACerS director Jingyang Wang and colleagues take a look at progress on optimal processing and properties of highly porous rare-earth silicate thermal insulators.

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Alkali silicate glass appears to defy Joule’s first law—but does it really?

By Lisa McDonald / March 12, 2019

Researchers from Lehigh University and Corning Inc. showed the temperature of electrically heated glass defies predictions of traditional Joule’s first law by a long shot—over a thousand degrees! However, the law still appears to work when microscale heterogeneities are given due consideration.

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From atomic scale to macroscale, ripplocations describe deformation of layered solids

By Lisa McDonald / February 8, 2019

How do layered solids deform? According to new research at Drexel University, “ripplocations” account for most deformations in layered solids, from the atomic scale to the macroscale.

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Strontium and barium titanate: Similar materials, different defects

By Lisa McDonald / January 29, 2019

Researchers often use similar defect models for barium titanate and strontium titanate even though the materials experience different dominant metal vacancies. New research suggests this practice is suitable in some cases, but researchers should tread more carefully in others.

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