Energy

‘Molecular glue’ enhances perovskite solar cell reliability

By Lisa McDonald / May 18, 2021

Perovskite solar cells struggle with long-term reliability due to their love–hate relationship with the sun. Brown University researchers explored using self-assembled monolayers to “glue” interfaces within the cells and thus make the cells more efficient, stable, and reliable.

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Determine oxidation stability of materials at MAX speed

By Lisa McDonald / April 23, 2021

Determining oxidation stability of new MAX phases is a difficult and expensive process with current computational and experimental methods. Researchers at Texas A&M University designed a new machine-learning-based scheme for predicting the oxidation of MAX phases at high temperatures, allowing them to conduct studies that may otherwise take years to perform.

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Video: Startups move solid-state batteries toward commercialization

By Lisa McDonald / April 21, 2021

Solid-state batteries show great promise to outperform conventional lithium-ion batteries in terms of energy density, weight, cost, and recharge times. In recent months, several startup companies announced noteworthy progress in developing solid-state batteries for next-generation electric vehicles. Today’s CTT highlights the work being done by QuantumScape, a California-based battery research company.

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MAX radiation protection for next-generation nuclear power plants

By Jonathon Foreman / April 20, 2021

MAX phases are layered ceramic materials with both ceramic and metal-like properties, as well as good radiation tolerance, making them ideal candidates for use in next-generation nuclear power technologies. Two recent papers investigate the irradiation of Cr2AlC to determine its potential for this application.

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Video: Bladeless generators—a possible future for wind energy

By Lisa McDonald / March 24, 2021

Since 2014, Spanish technology startup Vortex Bladeless SL has aimed to develop a bladeless wind generator as an alternative to conventional wind turbines. Learn more about the technology and find out when we may see it commercialized.

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Putting the sun in a bottle: Royal Society Kavli Lecture on fusion energy generation

By Jonathon Foreman / February 19, 2021

Moving away from carbon-based energy and toward sustainable energy infrastructure is important for long-term world health. The latest Kavli Lecture hosted by The Royal Society looks at the possible role of fusion energy in our sustainable energy future.

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Ceramics for sustainable energy, plus more inside March 2021 ACerS Bulletin

By Lisa McDonald / February 18, 2021

The March 2021 issue of the ACerS Bulletin—featuring ceramic and glass materials for sustainable energy—is now available online. Plus—process modeling of a tunnel kiln.

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Video: Decommissioned wind turbine blades get a second wind through reuse and recycling

By Lisa McDonald / January 20, 2021

The vast majority of wind turbine blades that reach end-of-use are either being stored in various places or taken to landfills because there are few options for recycling. Numerous companies and universities are working to change that.

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Achieve success by inversing expectations—scientists show promise of antiperovskite oxides in photovoltaic applications

By Lisa McDonald / January 12, 2021

Perovskite materials are some of the most hotly researched materials in the photovoltaic field right now. However, antiperovskite materials, which have an inverse perovskite structure, show promise as well. Two researchers in Korea used simulations to explore the potential of two antiperovskite oxides in photovoltaic applications.

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Lifting the veil on record efficiency: Researchers detail how they created record-setting perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell

By Lisa McDonald / December 18, 2020

In January, researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin announced they created perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with 29.15% power conversion efficiency. A recently published paper details how they fabricated and tested these record-setting cells.

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