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Thermal management

Video: Blue is cool—pigment containing ceramic microspheres cools Qatar roads

By Lisa McDonald / November 20, 2019

In anticipation of hosting the FIFA World Cup in 2022, Qatar is actively implementing cooling technologies to combat the intense heat. One technology being tested to cool roads is a blue heat-reflective pigment containing hollow ceramic microspheres.

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Two theories, one goal—new formula also describes heat flow in both crystals and glass

By Lisa McDonald / August 30, 2019

In May, a formula was published that could describe thermal transport in both crystals and glass. Now, a new formula by researchers in Italy and the United States based on a different mathematical framework can also model such thermal transport.

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Two materials, one theory—unified thermal transport formula describes heat flow in both crystals and glass

By Lisa McDonald / June 14, 2019

Previously, two separate theories described heat transport in ordered and disordered materials. A new general theory by Swiss and Italian researchers describes thermal transport in both, as well as everything in between.

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Breakthroughs with boron nitride could enable more efficient electronics

By April Gocha / June 4, 2019

Recent research may enable integration of boron nitride into next-gen electronics. Researchers have proven boron nitride’s high thermal conductivity and integrated the material into a flexible yet efficient nanocomposite.

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Caffeine provides energy boost to humans and solar cells alike

By Lisa McDonald / May 7, 2019

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles, found that adding caffeine to perovskite solar cells stabilizes their power conversion efficiency, due to caffeine forming a “molecular lock” with lead ions in the solar cells.

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Vacuum plasma spraying: A different way to apply UHTC coatings

By Lisa McDonald / April 5, 2019

Ultra-high temperature ceramic coatings are conventionally applied to composites using chemical vapor deposition. In a recent study, researchers from Korea experimented with applying UHTC coatings using a vacuum plasma spray process instead.

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Achieving optimal thermal insulators: A review on progress creating highly porous rare-earth silicates

By Lisa McDonald / March 15, 2019

In a recent review article, ACerS director Jingyang Wang and colleagues take a look at progress on optimal processing and properties of highly porous rare-earth silicate thermal insulators.

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Keep Mars rovers warm with durable, lightweight ceramic aerogels

By Lisa McDonald / March 5, 2019

A new highly durable ceramic aerogel created by an international research collaboration can better withstand extreme temperatures than current ceramic aerogels—making it ideal insulation for future space missions.

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All-season athletic apparel? Carbon nanotube-coated textile cools when you’re warm and warms when you’re cool

By April Gocha / February 22, 2019

Researchers at University of Maryland reported they developed a carbon-nanotube-coated fabric that is the first of its kind to seamlessly transition between keeping you warm in the cold and cool in the heat—by automatically reacting to body physiology.

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Nanoparticles lower thermal shock stress for ceramics at extreme temperatures

By Faye Oney / September 4, 2018

Researchers have succeeded in reducing heat transfer of ceramics at extreme temperatures. A simple coating of nanoparticles on a ceramic surface was all that was needed to reduce thermal shock and maintain strength of the ceramic material.

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