Ceramic Summit Sessions
Monday, June 21, 2010
General Session 1
10 a.m. to Noon
Emerging Business and Technology Opportunities and Challenges for the Ceramics Community
Global corporate leaders provide their perspectives on the economic, political, societal, technological, and environmental opportunities and challenges facing the ceramic materials and technologies community during the next five to ten years. The talks will be followed by a facilitated dialogue with Summit participants, during which they will be asked to rank the most important ideas and discuss possible action steps for the future.
Speaker: Rodney Lanthorne, Director, Kyocera Corporation and Vice-Chairman, Kyocera International, Inc., San Diego, CA
Speaker: Joel Moskowitz, Chairman of the Board, President & CEO, Ceradyne, Inc., Costa Mesa, CA
Speaker: David Morse, Senior Vice President and Director of Research at Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY
General Session 2
1:30 to 3:00 p.m.
Materials for a Secure and Stable Energy Future
Over the past five years, the Department of Energy’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences has engaged thousands of scientists around the world to study the current status, limiting factors and specific fundamental scientific bottlenecks of the widespread implementation of alternate energy technologies. From these efforts, it has become clear that the magnitude of the challenge is so immense that existing approaches will not be enough to secure our energy future. Instead, meeting the challenge will require fundamental understanding and scientific breakthroughs in new materials and chemical processes to make possible new energy technologies and performance levels far beyond what is now possible.
Speaker: John C. Hemminger, Chair, Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, DOE Office of Science, and Dean, School of Physical Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA
Speaker: Patricia M. Dehmer, Deputy Director for Science Programs for Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
At the close of this General Session, Professor Kevin Hemker, Johns Hopkins University, will deliver a 10-minute talk entitled “Linking Transformational Materials and Processing for an Energy Efficient and Low-Carbon Economy: Vision Report of the Energy Materials Blue Ribbon Panel.”
General Session 3
3:30 to 5:00 p.m.
The Future of Ceramic Education: Changing Needs, Changing Realities
The ceramic engineering education landscape has changed dramatically during the last 20 years and is continuing to change. During this session, two leading ceramic educators provide their perspectives on these changes, as well as what needs to happen to make ceramic education more relevant for the future. The presenters will also explore the importance of building much stronger and more sustainable relationships between these programs and industry, followed by a lively discussion with Summit participants.
Speaker: Doreen Edwards, Dean, Kazuo Inamori School of Engineering, Alfred University, Alfred, NY
Speaker: Wayne Huebner, Chairman, MSE, Missouri University of
Science & Technology, Rolla, MO
Tuesday, June 22, 2010
8:30 to 9:25 a.m.
Enabling a Nuclear Renaissance: Better, Faster, Cheaper Using Advanced Ceramics
The nuclear industry is at the eye of a ‘perfect storm’ with fuel oil and natural gas prices near record highs, worldwide energy demands increasing at an alarming rate, and increased concerns about greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that have caused many to look negatively at long-term use of fossil fuels. This convergence of factors has led to a growing interest in revitalization of the nuclear power industry within the United States and across the globe. This session will discuss the critical role that ceramic materials play throughout the entire fuel cycle and the critical role of materials advancements in the ‘nuclear renaissance.’
Speaker: John Marra, Associate Laboratory Director, Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), Aiken, SC
9:30 to 10:25 a.m.
Next Steps for Fuel Cells
This session will include two presentations on Fuel Cells. In the first talk, Robert Rose will address the current status and future prospects of fuel cells from the perspective of the US Fuel Cell Council, the industry trade association. Fuel cells are entering early markets in consumer products, generators of electricity; combined heat and power systems, industrial vehicles, and much more. Solid oxide systems are being developed for many of these markets, and the U.S. DOE envisions SOFC systems as simplifying and reducing the cost of carbon sequestration from coal. Rose will discuss the fuel cell vision, and the steps needed to make the vision a reality. The second talk, titled “Ceramics: The Heart of SOFC Systems” will discuss CeramTec AG’s decision to enter into the strategic field of energy conversion. At the moment, “energy” and “carbon dioxide” are some of the most discussed terms. There was and is a fascination for converting energy only in two main portions: heat and electricity. There is no need for moving parts like pistons which will generate additional parasitic losses like friction and noise. Where we come from defines the state-of-the-art. Future technological, social and environmental aspects will define the way to go. The goal is to decrease costs and complexity in the customers’ cognition and to morph the specialty into a high volume standard product. The challenges are material development and processing to get well-defined, efficient and reliable products.
Speaker: Robert Rose, Senior Advisor and Founder, U.S. Fuel Cell Council, Washington, D.C.
Speaker: Claus Peter Kluge, Manager, R&D, CeramTec AG
1 to 1:55 p.m.
An Industry Perspective: Development and Application of Ceramic Materials for Efficient and Clean Power Generation
Two leaders from United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) will provide their perspective on ceramic materials development and application for efficient and clean power generation. UTRC is the central research organization for United Technologies Corporation – a world leader in the development and integration of energy efficient and clean power generation systems. UTRC plays a key role as the corporation innovation engine, focusing on advanced technologies and bringing those technologies to the marketplace. UTRC is a recognized leader in ceramic matrix composite materials, ceramic barrier coatings, and demonstration of ceramic components in gas turbine engines, as well as fuel cell R&D. The presentation will share UTRC’s experience in materials development, component testing, and system or sub-system demonstration and discuss material needs for near-term efficient and low emission power systems.
Speaker: William Tredway, Group Leader for Ceramics and Deputy Department Leader for the Physical Sciences Department, United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT
Speaker: Ellen Sun, Principal Research Scientist, United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT
2 to 2:55 p.m.
Materials For Advanced Sodium Metal Halide Batteries
The world needs large-scale energy storage devices and systems that are safe, reliable and economical. They can help to manage utility grids, expand adoption of solar and wind power, accelerate adoption of electric motor vehicles, and enable billions of people to come online into the age of electricity. There are currently very few economically viable and technically feasible storage solutions that are dispatchable and meet the stringent cost and reliability demands. High Energy Density Sodium Metal Halide Battery technology is emerging as one of the key solutions, and GE is playing a leadership role in addressing the technology challenges and taking it to the manufacturing and commercial stages. This presentation will discuss the critical role that materials, particularly ceramics, play in the performance and life of Sodium Metal Halide batteries.
Speaker: Mohamed Rahmane, Senior Engineer/Project Leader, GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY
8:30 to 9:25 a.m.
Meeting Materials Needs for 21st Century Defense
The Department of Defense Research & Engineering Imperatives are provided as a backdrop for strategic planning in materials research. Defense materials research and initiatives are outlined in brief for background and connected with short- and long-term needs. Recent studies and workshops in strategic materials planning and strategic initiative opportunities are reviewed and related to specific needs and opportunities in ceramic and ceramic-hybrid materials. Emphasis is placed on the need for applying contemporary computational techniques to materials design, development, and testing and for further research and development in computational tools, techniques, and instrumentation. The criticality of materials systems design and engineering to achieve fitness for purpose in the Defense environment and of relating structures to properties and eventually to useful performance are reviewed with examples and applicative opportunities. In closing, the importance of curricula and education in materials science and engineering in general and ceramics in particular is discussed.
Speaker: Lewis E. Sloter, II, Associate Director of Materials and Structures, Office of the Director, Defense Research and Engineering, Department of Defense, Washington, D.C.
9:30 to 10:25 a.m.
Multi-Spectral Transparent Materials Technologies
Ceramic windows and domes protect delicate sensors from harsh environments while transmitting electromagnetic radiation in one or more spectral regions. Window material deficiencies that have existed for half a century include window durability, thermal shock resistance, and optical emission. There are no very durable materials that transmit both midwave (3-5 micron) and long wave (8-12 micron) infrared radiation. Some current thrusts in window research and development include the fabrication of nanocomposites with properties not attained by monolithic materials, making conformal shapes that extend the state of the art in machining and metrology, and scaling up transparent ceramics to make meter-class windows.
Speaker: Daniel C. Harris, Senior Scientist & Esteemed Fellow, Naval Air Systems Command, U.S. Navy, China Lake, CA
1 to 1:55 p.m.
Opaque and Transparent Armor Ceramics
Ceramics were first used extensively in body armor and helicopter seats during the Vietnam era, when work on armor ceramics reached its first peak on both opaque and transparent glass and ceramic materials. Much of the early work starting in the mid 60’s was guided by the pioneering research of Mark Wilkins and Carl Cline at the Lawrence Radiation laboratory. Since that time work has been sporadic with shorter term programs from DARPA and the Army, primarily. During this time it has been hard to sustain the required longer term research activities and critical mass groups, although ballistic testing of commercial products has been on-going. In addition, it has been extremely hard for the armor ceramic industry to maintain their viability without predictable requirements. This has changed dramatically over the last several years with the increase in terrorism and the asymmetric conflicts in the Middle East and the Army’s plan to undergo a transformation to a more agile, deployable and survivable Future Force. The key issues for armor remains pretty much the same: cost, performance, production capacity and strategic availability. The talk will proceed from some background and historical information to some examples of current and future activities, including a new Board of Army Science and Technology/National Materials Advisory Board study committee “To Review Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications”.
Speaker: James W. McCauley, Chief Scientist in Materials/ARL Fellow, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, APG, MD
Speaker: Parimal Patel, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, APG, MD
2 to 2:55 p.m.
High Temperature Ceramics for Military Applications
Ceramic materials are attractive candidates for use in a variety of defense applications where their high temperature capability offers considerable benefits. These include a range of air and space based applications such as aircraft turbine engines and space vehicle thermal protection. While the opportunities are many, so are the challenges for transitioning these materials from the laboratory to prototype demonstration to production in the marketplace. Performance, manufacturing, and cost are issues that face the development and customer communities on a daily basis. Current opportunities and payoffs for high temperature ceramics and the challenges for their transition to military systems will be presented.
Speaker: Allan Katz, Senior Program Manager, Ceramics Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH
8:30 to 9:25 a.m.
An Industry Perspective: Development and Application of Ceramic Materials for Clean-Air Technologies
Corning Incorporated is a leader in clean-air technologies. Its ceramic substrates and diesel particulate filters form the core of world-class pollution control systems for stationary and mobile applications, including light-duty gasoline and diesel vehicles, on-road and non-road and retrofit vehicles. Corning plays the key role in inventing cellular ceramics structure for catalytic converters, and continues its excellent tradition in innovation by focusing on the next generation of substrates and filters for clean-air technologies. The presentation will include review of Corning’s experience in materials research and reliability testing of components related to emission control. The regulatory requirements demanding improved efficiency and performance of product will be reviewed, and their implications on the current and future needs for ceramic materials and their requirements will be discussed.
Speaker: Sujanto Widjaja, Project Manager, Science & Technology Division, Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY
9:30 to 10:25 a.m.
Designer Materials: Multi-scale Modeling
This session will review current computational trends in first-principles design of armor ceramics using multiscale modeling and the special computational challenges that are required for linking the vast spatiotemporal scales from the quantum to the continuum, and the special challenge of across-the-scale experimental validation of multiscale models of brittle ceramic materials for simulating the physics of fragmentation and how the initiation, growth, and coalescence of microcracks in simulations can be concurrently passed across spatiotemporal scales.
Speaker: George A. Gazonas, Research Physicist, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, APG, MD
1 to 1:55 p.m.
Integration of Ceramics in Advanced Microsystems
Advanced microsystems are being developed that can sense, think, act and communicate to provide new capabilities for integrated circuits, sensors and rf-systems. Ceramics will be important elements of this revolution in microelectronics for future chips, hybrids circuits and advanced packaging technologies. Integration of new materials into integrated circuit and packaging technologies is a major challenge. New process control strategies are being developed and used to improve the ability to design and integrate multi-material systems into sophisticated devices. New process technologies, especially direct fabrication processes, are also leading to capabilities for producing parts quicker, cheaper and with more functionality. In addition, many of the challenges and opportunities in advanced microsystem technologies will be based on understanding science at the nanoscale. This session will cover these important trends in the microtechnology field and the impact that new ceramic materials and fabrication methods will have in achieving greater miniaturization and functionality.
Speaker: Kevin Ewsuk, Manager, Advanced Microsystems Packaging Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM
- “Enabling ceramic materials and processing science and technology for
microsystems packaging and integration”
Speaker: Thomas M. Shaw, Research Staff Member, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Ctr, Ossining, NY
- “Ceramic materials for advanced microelectronic applications”
2 to 2:55 p.m.
Ceramics for Electronics and Communications
Today these materials are widely used in different kinds of applications but are hardly recognized for their importance. They protect electronic circuits from current or voltage overloads, they help home appliances to save energy and they have become an essential part in todays automotive electronics. The basics of PTCRs, NTCRs and varistors haven’t change dramatically but integration and miniaturization have left their marks on these components as well. Increased operation temperature ranges and rising energy densities are just two parameters which drive the development of materials, processes and design. This talk will address the relationship between material development, analytical capabilities, processing, simulation and component design.
Speaker: Christian Hoffmann, Vice President, EPCOS OHG, Deutschlandsberg, Austria
Business & Research Environment
10:45 to 11:40 a.m.
New Realities for Materials Research Funding
In this new decade, under new leadership, we find ourselves in interesting times for research funding. The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) supports fundamental research to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels in order to provide the foundations for new energy technologies and to support DOE missions in energy, environment, and national security. The BES program also plans, constructs, and operates major scientific user facilities to serve researchers from universities, national laboratories, and private institutions. The total FY10 budget appropriation for BES was ~$1.6B. ~$100M was included for the new Energy Frontier Research Centers that focus on energy use-inspired research as well as grand challenge science. Also new in FY10 are the Energy Innovation Hubs that will bring large interdisciplinary teams together to tackle the leading problems in energy. The solar fuels hub is led by BES. ~$270M from the BES budget was appropriated to support the Division of Materials Science and Engineering research in ten core research programs: X-ray Scattering, Neutron Scattering, Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopies, Experimental Condensed Matter Physics, Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics, Mechanical Behavior and Radiation Effects, Physical Behavior of Materials, Materials Chemistry, Biomolecular Materials, and Synthesis and Processing Science. The core funding increased by 3% compared with the FY09 appropriation. As an integral component of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) has the responsibility to discover, shape, and champion basic research that profoundly impacts the future Air Force. AFOSR fulfills this responsibility by identifying breakthrough scientific opportunities, actively investing in the best of these opportunities, and transitioning the resulting discoveries to other AFRL components, to defense industries, and to other federal agencies. Over the past five years, AFOSR’s core basic research budget has increased ~$100M to its current FY10 budget of $321M. Within that yearly budget, at least $30M goes to the materials research program, which includes natural, electronic, composite, and nanomaterials. The Office of Naval Research (ONR) provides funding across a broad spectrum of technology levels, from basic and applied research through advanced development programs. The ONR budget is approximately $2B The Naval Materials Division funds research that is interdisciplinary in nature, providing a fundamental understanding of the physics, chemistry, mechanics, and environmental response of materials that are promising candidates for satisfying the demanding requirements of future Naval weapons systems and platforms. Programs focus on basic and applied materials science related to energy/power generation and storage, propulsion and power projection, high performance structures, system life optimization, and environmental quality. In 2009, the National Science Foundation (NSF) received an increase of 7% over 2008 to ~$6.5B alongside $3B in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding. The fiscal year (FY) 2010 request for NSF stands at ~$7B and for FY 2011 there is an increase of about 8% to ~$7.4B. This means there is the anticipation of increased funding, particularly in priority areas. In 2010 the priority areas include research related to economic growth, global economy, and the quality of life; climate change and high-risk research. The priority areas for FY 2011 include cyberlearning, sustainability and broadening participation.
Speaker: Linda Horton, Division Director, Material Sciences & Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
Speaker: Joycelyn Harrison, Program Manager, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Arlington, VA
Speaker: Lynnette D. Madsen, Program Director for Ceramics, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA
Speaker: Eric Wuchina, Program Officer, Office of Naval Research, West Bethesda, MD
10:45 to 11:40 a.m.
The Global Business Climate for Ceramic-related Industries
This session will examine market drivers, emerging technology trends and overall dynamics across several areas related to applications of ceramics, such as materials and manufacturing, energy, transportation and water treatment. We will look at trends, successes and failures of VC financing in these areas, as well as effect of recent economic downturn, especially on broad categories of coatings and composites. We will also discuss opportunities and challenges for emerging technology adoption in these areas.
Speaker: Evgenia Pekarskaya, Senior Analyst, Lux Research, New York, NY
General Session 4
3:15 to 5 p.m.
Ten in Ten: Ceramic Technologies that will Transform the World
Explore the ceramic technologies that are likely to transform the world over the next ten years. Throughout the Ceramic Leadership Summit you will hear the latest thinking from noted scientists, leaders, and colleagues. During this closing session, we will connect the concepts, predictions, and provocations that you’ve encountered from those though thought leaders with input from nearly 400 ACerS members who participated in a survey about ceramic technologies that are most likely to have a significant impact in the future. Working in cross-discipline groups, you will generate guidance on where the science, supporting technologies, and the profession must head to meet the needs of the ever evolving world.
Speaker: Larry Hench, Graduate Research Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida, Fort Myers, FL
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