Materials Challenges in Alternative & Renewable Energy 2016 Award and Plenary Speakers
Monday, April 18
ACerS-KIChE Distinguished Lecture
Sang-Woo Kim, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Korea
Title: Energy Harvesting with Nanogenerators for Realizing Self-Powered Small Electronics
Abstract: Energy harvesting systems based on piezoelectric and triboelectric nanomaterials are in great demand, as they can provide routes for the development of self-powered devices which are highly flexible, stretchable, mechanically durable, and can be used in a wide range of applications. Our recent research interest mainly focuses on the fabrication of piezoelectric and triboelectric nanogenerators based on various kinds of nanomaterials. Flexible nanogenerators exhibit good performances and are easy to integrate which make it the perfect candidate for many applications, and therefore crucial to develop. In this presentation, I first introduce the fundamentals and possible device applications of nanogenerators, including their basic operation modes. Then the different improvement parameters will be discussed. As main topics, I will present a couple of recent achievements regarding highly stretchable piezoelectric-pyroelectric hybrid nanogenerators, transparent flexible graphene triboelectric nanogenerators, textile-based wearable triboelectric nanogenerators, etc. The recent research and design efforts for enhancing power generation performance of nanogenerators to realize self powering of portable and wearable sensors and electronics will also be discussed in this talk.
Biography: Sang-Woo Kim received a B.S. in MSE from Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) in 1993 and a M.S. in MSE from Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST) in Korea. In 2004 he received a Ph.D. in Electronic Science and Engineering from Kyoto University. After working as a postdoctoral researcher at Kyoto University and University of Cambridge, he spent 4 years as an assistant professor at Kumoh National Institute of Technology. He joined the School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT) at SKKU in 2009. He is currently SKKU fellow professor in the Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering.
Kim recently received The Republic of Korea President’s Award for Scientific Excellence (2015), The Award of the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (National Top Research, 2014, 2015), Top 50 National Basic Research Award (2014), National Top 100 Research Award (2015, 2012), etc.
His recent research interest is focused on piezoelectric/triboelectric nanogenerators, photovoltaics, and two-dimensional nanomaterials including graphene, h-BN, and TMDs. For more information on his research and publication, please visit his group website “http://nesel.skku.edu”.
Now he is Associate Editor of Nano Energy, and an Executive Board Member of Advanced Electronic Materials.
Tuesday, April 19
Md. K. Nazeeruddin, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland
Title: Perovskite Solar Cells: A New Paradigm in Energy Sector
Abstract: Methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite solar cells have emerged as credible contenders to conventional p-n junction photovoltaic devices. Perovskite material involves low cost precursors, capable of being processed via a variety of scalable methods and deliver high power conversion efficiencies comparable to thin film and crystalline silicon solar cells.1-2 Using CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite as an absorber layer and molecularly engineered functional hole transport material, power conversion efficiencies (PCE) over 20% were obtained.3-5 However, a fundamental understanding of the working principle of perovskite solar cells, and stability of the material is still lacking. In addition, an anomalous hysteresis behavior in the current-voltage characteristics is often reported in perovskite solar cells possibly related to ion migration and imbalanced extraction of charges. In this talk we present various deposition methods for perovskite absorbing layer, and the synthesis and characterization of novel hole transporting materials to address the stability and hysteresis behavior.
Biography: Prof. Md. K. Nazeeruddin received MSc. and PhD in inorganic chemistry from Osmania University, Hyderabad, India. He joined as a Lecturer in Deccan College of Engineering and Technology, Osmania University in 1986, and subsequently, moved to Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, as a Research Associate. He was awarded the Government of India’s fellowship in 1987 to study abroad. After one year postdoctoral stay with Prof. Graetzel at Swiss federal institute of technology Lausanne (EPFL), he joined the same institute as a Senior Scientist.
In 2014, EPFL awarded him the title of Professor. His current research at EPFL focuses on Dye Sensitized Solar Cells, Perovskite Solar Cells, CO2 reduction, Hydrogen production, and Light-emitting diodes. He has published more than 509 peer-reviewed papers, ten book chapters, and he is inventor/co-inventor of over 50 patents. The high impact of his work has been recognized by invitations to speak at over 130 international conferences, including the MRS Fall (USA, 2006) and Spring 2011 Meetings, GORDON conference (2014), and has been nominated to the OLLA International Scientific Advisory Board. He appeared in the ISI listing of most cited chemists, and has more than 49’000 citations with an h-index of 105. He is teaching “Functional Materials” course at EPFL, and Korea University; directing, and managing several industrial, national, and European Union projects. He was awarded EPFL Excellence prize in 1998 and 2006, Brazilian FAPESP Fellowship in 1999, Japanese Government Science & Technology Agency Fellowship, in 1998, Government of India National Fellowship in 1987-1988. Recently he has been appointed as World Class University (WCU) professor by the Korea University, Jochiwon, Korea and Adjunct Professor by the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Nazeeruddin has been named Thomson Reuters “Highly Cited Researcher” and one of the 19 scientists identified by Thomson Reuters as The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds 2015 from all scientific domains.
Wednesday, April 20
Arumugam Manthiram, Cockrell Family Regents Chair in Engineering #7; Director, Texas Materials Institute; Director, Materials Science and Engineering Program, The University of Texas at Austin
Title: Next-generation Battery Chemistries: Materials Challenges and Prospects
Abstract: Development of clean, sustainable, alternative energy technologies is needed to meet the increasing demand in global energy use and to mitigate the growing environmental concerns. Renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, will not have the anticipated impact unless we develop an efficient and economical way to store and deliver the electricity produced from the intermittent renewable sources. Rechargeable batteries are most promising option for such electrical energy storage. They are also the only viable near-term option for transportation. However, a widespread adoption of battery technologies for these large-scale applications requires optimization of several critical parameters: cost, cycle life, safety, energy density, power density, and environmental impact, all of which are directly linked to severe materials challenges. After providing a brief account of the current status of battery technologies, this presentation will focus on the development of new materials, cell chemistry, and cell configurations to overcome current problems. Specifically, the challenges and approaches of transitioning from the current insertion-compound electrodes in lithium-ion batteries to new conversion-reaction electrodes with multi-electron transfer per atom will be presented. The systems include safer antimony-based anodes, lithium-sulfur cells, sodium-sulfur cells, and hybrid lithium-air cells with a solid electrolyte.
Biography: Arumugam Manthiram is currently the Cockrell Family Regents Chair in Engineering and Director of the Texas Materials Institute and the Materials Science and Engineering Graduate Program at the University of Texas at Austin (UT-Austin). He received his Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the Indian Institute of Technology Madras in 1981. After working as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford and at UT-Austin, he became a faculty member in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at UT-Austin in 1991. Dr. Manthiram’s research is focused on clean energy technologies: rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and solar cells. He has authored ~ 600 journal articles with more than 20,000 citations and an h-index of 73. He is the Regional (USA) Editor of Solid State Ionics. He is a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society, Electrochemical Society, Materials Research Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Royal Society of Chemistry, and World Academy of Materials and Manufacturing Engineering. He received the Outstanding Graduate Teaching Award (university-wide single award per year) in 2012, Battery Division Research Award from the Electrochemical Society in 2014, and Distinguished Alumnus Award of the Indian Institute of Technology Madras in 2015.
Thursday, April 21
Chris Paradies, President, Paradies Law
Title: Patenting Materials for Alternative & Renewable Energy: Challenges and Opportunities
Abstract: The number and diversity of patent filings on materials useful for alternative and renewable energy technologies is growing, worldwide, as are the number and diversity of patents on technologies using such new materials to save energy, generate new or more efficient sources of energy and store energy generated by renewable energy sources. Advances in materials useful for alternative and renewable energy production and storage, in particular, have the potential to cause disruption in the global energy marketplace, which presents both challenges and opportunities. The cost of introducing these new materials into energy generation and storage solutions and delays in implementation of major changes in infrastructure and energy distribution required to use alternatives and renewables could limit return on investment from new material research and development. Nevertheless, investments in developing new materials for energy savings, generation and storage must be made to meet international goals for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The author addresses the challenges and opportunities in the patenting of materials for alternative and renewable energy and offers practical solutions.
Biography: Chris Paradies is a registered patent attorney before the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Paradies is also a certified intellectual property attorney in Florida, an entrepreneur and co. Starters facilitator, author and international speaker. Paradies graduated from West Point, earned a Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and received his law degree, summa cum laude, from Touro Law College. Chris was a visiting scientist at NTH/SINTEF, Norway, held a post-doctoral appointment at École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland, and worked as a senior technical specialist at Northrop Grumman Corporation, before serving clients as a registered patent attorney for more than 15 years.