Orthopedic Application – Where are we? Where do we need to go?
Bioceramics are applied in high volume orthopedic applications, such as bearing couples for total joint replacement, because of their high wear and scratch resistance, coupled with high biocompatibility. Ceramic articulations have also shown to be a safe and proven technology. However, there is substantial room for improvement to reach their full potential, and be introduced in other fields of orthopedics. Nevertheless, the design and engineering of these materials are already in progress, with a focus on obtaining optimized properties which better respond to external, biologically compatible stimuli (physical, chemical, biological). Reaching this goal depends heavily on interdisciplinary contributions from material science, chemistry, physics, biology, and medicine, which depend on mutually beneficial scientific exchange. The session will address key challenges using a comprehensive approach that will embrace both bioinert and bioactive ceramics. The focus will be on the effect of biodegradation, and engineering of material surfaces to promote osteointegration and osteosynthesis, as well as mitigating bacteria biofilm formation. This track supported by the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS).
The topics of the session include:
- New materials and bioinspired structures
- Surface modification for better cell-material interaction
- Bacteria anti-adhesion strategies
- Novel ceramic applications in orthopedics
- Clinical outcomes of bioceramics
- Mechanical properties of advanced bioceramics
Track Chair: Alessandro Alan Porporati, CeramTec GmbH, Germany