Grand Challenges of Ceramic Materials Archives | The American Ceramic Society

Grand Challenges of Ceramic Materials

Multidisciplinary approaches to materials discovery needed for MGI

By Eileen De Guire / February 26, 2013

Last week a National Science Foundation-sponsored workshop addressed multidisciplinary approaches to the Materials Genome Initiative. From left: Gregory Rohrer, Abby Kavner, Young-Shin Jun, and Amy Walker. Credit: ACerS. Genome (noun; origin 1930s: blend of gene and chromosome): the complete set of genes or genetic material present in a cell or organism.   The Materials Genome…

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Access open to JACerS’ article on ceramic grand challenges; new workshop will explore multidisciplinary aspects of ‘materials by design’

By Eileen De Guire / January 8, 2013

Ceramic researchers at a workshop last March to identify the grand challenges of ceramic science. Their findings were published in an open access article in the December 2012 JACerS. Credit: ACerS. The featured and free-of-charge paper in the December issue of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society is the promised report from the NSF-funded…

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Perovskite oxides: Group demonstrates technique for engineering ‘perfect’ heterointerfaces

By / November 20, 2012

Schematic of the structure of a typical lanthanum aluminate-strontium titanate interface, left, and the abrupt, sharp interface obtained through an atomic layer engineering method developed at ORNL. Credit: Choi et al.; Advanced Materials. Oak Ridge National Lab researcher Ho Nyung Lee has studied complex-oxide thin films for over a decade, and during this time he particularly has…

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Understanding ideal glass structure could be key to doubling glass strength

By Eileen De Guire / September 25, 2012

No more broken glass? Theoretical work by researchers at Rice University shows the potential for doubling the strength of glass. Credit: Rice University. Glass is one of the intrinsically strongest of manmade materials, however, only a fraction of that strength is retained. Glass is arguably one of the most useful manmade materials, too, and if…

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Heat transfer—two new studies look at effects of interface bonding, surface roughness

By Eileen De Guire / June 26, 2012

Through atomic-scale manipulation, researchers have demonstrated that a single layer of atoms can disrupt or enhance heat flow across an interface. Credit: Mark Losego; UIUC. Heat. A lot of engineering revolves around pumping it in to make a reaction happen, like glass melting, for example. A lot of engineering revolves around sucking it out, like…

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Ceder on MGI: ‘Materials scientists are hungry for data’

By / March 23, 2012

Screenshot of one of the Materials Project’s new tools based on a growing and dynamic database, the Lithium Battery Explorer. Credit: Materials Project. Robert F. Service, one of Science magazine’s best writers, has finally written a lengthy piece (subscription req’d) on the Materials Genome Initiative, which contains a nice interview with MIT’s Gerbrand Ceder — who…

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