E-Ceramics 2012 – The Availability, Quality, and Location of Ceramic Property Data
This report reviews the present day status of the availability, quality, and location of ceramic property data as performed under contract number N00167-11-P-0533 from the Department of Defense. The purpose of the study was both to assess the current availability of ceramic property data and to identify potential new activities by the government and the private sector to improve the accessibility and quality of materials data. The area of ceramic property data was selected as an exemplar to highlight not only present-day status, but also next steps that could be taken by various parties.
The work consisted of three major parts: identifying data resources now available, a workshop to define emerging needs for materials data access in the future, and a review of data activities in Asia, (Japan, Korea, and China). Based on the results of these efforts, a variety of business approaches were identified including roles for different stakeholders.
A set of recommendations is included based on the investigators’ personal knowledge and conclusions. No endorsement by the Department of Defense or any other U.S. Government agency is implied.
Comments and questions should be sent to the first two investigators listed below.
Dr. Stephen Freiman
Dr. John Rumble
R&R Data Services
Information International Associates
Dr. David Kahaner
Asian Technology Information program
Section 1. Introduction, Conclusions, and Recommendations
The availability of materials data is a critical component of Department of Defense (DoD) strategy to maintain world leadership in science and technology in support of its missions for the military, national security, and others, while adhering to current fiscal constraints. As DoD and its contractors design, build, and operate next-generation hardware systems, taking advantage of new and improved materials is an important key to the success of those systems.
Section 2. Available Ceramic Property Data
In the twenty years since the internet and the World Wide Web have revolutionized access to data and information, the world-wide ceramics community has created numerous online data resources covering virtually all ceramics materials and properties. Because these data resources have been created and maintained by diverse, independent organizations, locating and gaining access to a specific piece of needed data remains a challenge, even with the existence of modern search engines.
Section 3. Results of a Ceramics Informatics Workshop
As part of this study, the Workshop on E-Ceramics: Prospects and Challenges for Improved Access to Ceramics Property Data, was held in the Virginia Tech Research Center in Arlington, Virginia, on June 4th and 5th, 2012. The workshop focused on the prospects and challenges for improved access to, and quality of, ceramic property data. The goal of the workshop was to determine whether the needs of industry, government laboratories, and academia for electronic access to ceramic property data are being met, and if not, what actions are needed to meet those needs.
Section 4. Ceramics and Materials Databases in Asia
A major component of this project was to understand and assess activity in Asia on building and disseminating ceramics and other materials databases. To accomplish this, two subcontractors, Dr. John Rumble of R&R Data Services, and Dr. Steve Freiman of Freiman Consulting, attended the Third Asian Materials Data Symposium, held in Okinawa, Japan, and then they paid visits to numerous institutes in Shanghai and Beijing, China. The visits in Beijing were arranged by another subcontractor, the Asian Technology Information Program (ATIP).
Section 5. Options for Developing Models for Providing Web-based Access to Ceramic Property Data
The last twenty
years has seen a rapid maturing of the World Wide Web as the primary mechanism
for providing access to all types of information, including the properties of
ceramics materials. While in the early years of the web, the emphasis was on
free access, but the potential for commercial web uses has emerged, and today
an incredibly rich diversity of commercial services complement the no-fee
services. In this section, we discuss various options for developing models for
web-based access to ceramic property data.
Appendix B – Review of Selected Data Resources
Each of the data resources included in Table 2-1 was carefully reviewed with respect to its content, currency, accessibility, and other parameters. The results of the reviews are given below. The data resources have been categorized as follow.
•Comprehensive and General Ceramics Databases – Government and University
•Ceramic Phase Equilibria and Crystallographic Structure Databases
•Ceramic Materials Producers Databases
•Comprehensive and General Ceramics Databases – Commercial Database Providers
•Other Ceramics-related Databases
•Ceramics-related Data Publications