ICACC16 Award & Plenary Speakers
The award and plenary speakers program kicks off ICACC16 on Monday, January 25th from 8:30 a.m. to noon. Make your plans to participate and hear these esteemed speakers.
Jeffrey Wadsworth, president and chief executive officer, Battelle Memorial Institute
Title: Challenges and Opportunities for 21st Century Research & Development
Abstract: Over the course of time, advances in materials and their manufacture have paced the rate of economic well-being and national security. The case can readily be made that those countries that have excelled in advancing materials science have been rewarded. As we contemplate the future there are several areas that will drive the need for continued innovation. World population growth, coupled with increased standard of living expectations and urbanization, will drive energy, food, and water demand to unprecedented levels. Meeting these demands will be accompanied by environmental impacts, health concerns, and conflicts. It is instructive to understand these areas of concern and to anticipate how developments in materials will be used to alleviate them. The evolution of R&D investment worldwide also sheds a light on where these developments will likely take place. Many countries are aggressively investing in R&D and challenging America’s long-standing scientific leadership. In order to maintain its position, the U.S. needs to develop a comprehensive strategy that combines increased and diversified funding, continued investment in world-leading analytical and computational tools, and a focus on educating the future workforce.
Biography: Jeffrey Wadsworth is President and CEO of Battelle Memorial Institute, the world’s largest nonprofit R&D organization, headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. Wadsworth worked at Stanford, Lockheed, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, prior to joining Battelle in 2002 as part of the White House Transition Planning Office for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). He was then director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and subsequently headed Battelle’s Global Laboratory Operations, directing laboratories for the U.S. Department of Energy, DHS, and others. He became Battelle’s 8th President & CEO in 2009. Wadsworth earned bachelor’s and doctoral degrees at Sheffield University in England and has published nearly 300 scientific papers, one book, and four U.S. patents. He has six honorary doctorates, Fellowships in three technical societies, is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and is the recipient of numerous prizes and awards. He currently is Chairman of the Trustees of The Ohio State University. Wadsworth is helping to lead national efforts to enhance STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) education through the launching of STEM schools and developing state and national networks of STEM schools.
Hai-Doo Kim, president, Korea Institute of Materials Science
Title: From Idea to Product: Sustainable Cycle
Abstract: Ceramic materials seem to be the key to the public’s convenient daily life; even the key to the economic development of the country. Most researchers try to prove their idea through experimentation, followed by submitting the results for publication in journal and/or filing the patent. The idea must then be transformed to the real product, resulting in the convenient daily lives of the public. When industry sells ideas to generate beneficial products for the public, the sales of which provide national labs’ research funds by paying tax; this is an example of a sustainable cycle.
Korean ceramic industries have strong end users such as: semiconductor industry, display industry, cellular phone manufacturers, automotive industry and so on. Statistics on the relationship between suppliers and end users will be reviewed and examples on the sustainable cycle will be introduced.
Biography: Hai-Doo Kim is the president of Korea Institute of Materials Science (KIMS). He received Dr.-Ing from TH Aachen, Germany in 1987. After joining KIMS, he served as the head of ceramic materials lab and vice president of KIMS. He served as the president of Korean Ceramic Society in 2013 and as the president of Korean Union of Chemical Science & Technology Societies in 2014. He is a fellow of American Ceramic Society since 2010 and the academician of World Academy of Ceramics since 2011.
Kim published 133 peer reviewed papers and 54 patents on novel fabrication process of alumina, zirconia, silicon nitride, silicon carbide, porous ceramics and strong/tough ceramics. He managed some national programs. Through the analysis of the megatrend of semiconductor, display, automotive, precision machinery, ferrous and non-ferrous industries in Korea, Kim initiated and managed the national program for the development of the root technology for ceramic materials to be needed in semiconductor, display, automotive, precision machinery, ferrous and non-ferrous industries during 2007-2011. Since 2011, he initiated a national program to develop Ultra High Purity SiC. This program includes developing ultra-high purity SiC powder (above 7 nine grade), sintered parts, single crystal, and devices. This is 10-year program and the annual budget is $10 million dollars, funded by Korean government and industries.
Kim is the recipient of academic awards from the Minister of Science and Technology, Korea, Korean Ceramic Society, and Grand Prix in Science and Technology, by Governor of Gyeongnam Province, Korea. He served as the chairperson of the International Symposium on Advanced Silicon Based Ceramics and Composites (ISASC) and the 11th PacRim Conference held at Jeju, Korea 2015.
Sanjay M. Correa, vice president,GE Aviation
Title: SiC–SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites in Jet Engines
Abstract: SiC-SiC Ceramic Matric Composites (CMCs) have moved out of research laboratories into the commercial mainstream over the last five years. Currently over 10,000 jet engines incorporating CMCs in the “hot section” are on order, with the first entering airline service later this year. Why CMCs? Gas-turbines operate more efficiently at higher temperatures and pressures but, after 75 years of evolution, the industry has run into the temperature limits of even the most advanced metal superalloys. CMCs provide much higher temperature capability, weigh about a third as much, and survive better in dusty/sandy regions of the world – all of which significantly expand the usage envelope. We will cover the state-of-the art in design and the large amount of testing under way – at the level of coupons for materials data bases, components in rig tests, and engines in ground-based and flight tests. We will describe the associated high-volume manufacturing processes including Silicon Carbide Fiber, Tow Coating, Unilateral Tape, furnace operations including Melt Infiltration, and Environmental Barrier Coatings. We will conclude by summarizing requirements for the next generation of CMC systems, aimed at additional temperature capability.
Biography: Correa leads GE’s Ceramic Matrix Composites Program with applications in aircraft engines and heavy-duty gas turbines. He has been with GE for over 30 years. Prior to his current role, Correa was vice president & managing director of the GE India Technology Center. Earlier he was the general manager for Engineering Technologies at GE Aviation; general manager for the Fan, Compressor & Combustor Center of Excellence in GE Aviation’s Supply Chain; and global technology leader for Energy & Propulsion Technologies at GE’s Global Research Center, with teams in the US, Bangalore, Shanghai and Munich. Correa holds BS, MS and PhD degrees in aerospace engineering from the University of Michigan. He has 15 US patents and over 100 research papers. He is a member of several professional societies and has been a reviewer for several technical journals. Among other external connections, he serves on the Board of Directors of NGS Advanced Fibers (Toyama, Japan).
Joachim Maier, director, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart (Germany); head, Department of Physical Chemistry of Solids
Title: Function through Defects: From Ceramics to Electrochemistry
Abstract: Electrochemistry is concerned with the conversion of chemical (electrical) into electrical (chemical) energy or information, and hence deals with applications such as batteries, fuel cells and sensors. Solid electrolytes and electrodes are prototype examples of functional ceramics.
The first part of the lecture addresses the role of point defects as the active particles (charge carriers, acid-base- or, redox-active centers), and systematically sets out the adjusting screws to tune ionic and electronic conductivities (solid state ionics).
The second part emphasizes the special role of higher-dimensional defects, in particular interfaces, in setting boundary conditions for charge carrier redistribution , transport and transfer. Nature and spacing of interfaces, and hence size, are additional powerful control parameters (nano-ionics). Such “heterogeneous doping” relying on the purposeful introduction of higher dimensional defects, is – often more powerfully than the classical homogeneous doping – able to turn insulators into conductors, electronic conductors into ionic conductors or vice versa.
The third part stresses that – beyond the sheer tuning of particles’ properties, and of their size and shape – also the topology of particle and phase distribution within the functional material is of high significance (electrochemical integrated circuits). Here taking advantage of the various nano-scale dimensionalities as realized in nanodots, nanowires and nanosheets, is key.
It is shown at various examples, chiefly in the context of batteries, how these ceramic strategies can be employed to optimize electrochemical functions or to even generate novel properties.
Biography: Joachim Maier studied chemistry in Saarbrücken, Germany, and earned his M.S. and Ph.D. in physical chemistry there. He earned his professorial degree (Habilitation) at the University of Tübingen. From 1988 to 1991 he was responsible for the activities on functional ceramics at the MPI for Metals Research in Stuttgart, and from 1988 to 1996 he taught defect chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1991 he was appointed Scientific Member of the Max Planck Society, Director at the MPI for Solid State Research and Honorary Professor at the University of Stuttgart. He is the recipient of various prizes and a member of various national and international academies. Maier is Editor-in-Chief of Solid State Ionics. He is on the board of a number of scientific journals, and has been serving on advisory boards of national and international institutions and as president of the International Society for Solid State Ionics.
Maier’s major research fields in which he published 700 refereed and highly cited papers, comprise: physical chemistry of the solid state, thermodynamics and kinetics, defect chemistry and transport in solids, ionic and mixed conductors, interfacial effects and electrochemistry. In this context energy transfer and storage are to the fore, leading to a new scientific field nowadays termed “nano-ionics” the conceptual basis of which relies on the aforementioned contributions.
The ECD Global Young Investigator Award
Surojit Gupta, assistant professor, The University of North Dakota
Title: On the Design of Novel Structural Materials for Multi Functional Applications
Abstract: Research findings on three different areas of materials research: (a) MAX phases (novel natural laminates) and their composites, (b) novel sustainable structural materials, and (c) green manufacturing will be presented and addressed.
Part A presents recent results on the mechanical behavior of MAX and their composites. Briefly, Mn+1AXn (MAX) phases (over 60+ phases) are thermodynamically stable nanolaminates displaying unusual, and sometimes unique, properties. These phases possess a Mn+1AXn chemistry, where n is 1, 2, or 3, M is an early transition metal element, A is an A-group element, and X is C or N. The MAX phases are highly damage tolerant, thermal shock resistant, readily machinable, and with Vickers hardness values of 2–8 GPa, are anomalously soft for transition metal carbides and nitrides. MAX phases display nonlinear, hysteretic, elastic behavior due to kink band formation in the basal planes. Recently, it was demonstrated that MAX Phase-based composites can be used as shafts against SA (Super Alloys) foils for different foil bearing applications at 50,000 rpm from RT till 550oC during thermal cycling. Thus, there is a huge potential that these materials can be used for different tribological and engineering systems, for example, air-foil bearings, gas turbine seals, cylinder wall/piston ring lubrication for low-heat rejection diesel engines, various furnace components, among many others. Part B presents recent studies about the development of novel sustainable materials. This part will focus on the development of green cements. Part C discusses novel practices for enhancing green manufacturing.
Biography: Dr. Gupta is an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering in the University of North Dakota. He is also an Adjunct Professor in the Henan Polytechnic University, China. He has published 37 technical papers, 6 patents (granted and pending – US and International), and has given 19 invited/keynote talks and over 50 contributed presentations in several international, national and local conferences. He also has an h-index of 21 and 1300 citations. Previously, Dr. Gupta was employed in The Rutgers University and prior to that, he was a postdoctoral fellow in The Pennsylvania State University. Earlier, Dr. Gupta finished his doctoral studies from Drexel University. Dr. Gupta has been an active member of The American Ceramic Society (ACerS). Dr. Gupta is a member of the award committee of, (a) the Engineering Ceramics Division (ECD) and (b) Robert L. Coble Award for Young Scholars (2015-20). Recently, Dr. Gupta was elected as the secretary of the Engineering Ceramics Division (ECD) of ACerS.