[Images above] Credit: NIST
University of Cordoba researchers came up with a way to make graphene act in a luminescent way. Though previous attempts to incorporate luminescence have been unsuccessful, this group was able to do so by integrating europium into graphene.
Physicists from universities of Basel, Modena, and Munich found that when potassium bromide molecules arrange themselves between graphene and copper, it results in electronic decoupling, altering the electrical properties of the graphene produced and bringing them closer to pure graphene.
Researchers at Norwegian University of Science and Technology succeeded in building UV LEDs by growing aluminum gallium nitride nanowires on graphene. A layer of graphene placed on glass forms the substrate.
Researchers from University of Göttingen and California Institute of Technology produced an ”atomic scale movie” showing how hydrogen atoms can chemically bind to graphene to produce a bandgap, meaning graphene could then be used as a semiconductor.
To improve lithium sulphur batteries, researchers at Chalmers University of Technology proposed using a porous, sponge-like aerogel of reduced graphene oxide to act as a free-standing electrode in the battery cell, thus allowing for better and higher sulphur utilisation.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin researchers produced inorganic perovskite thin films at moderate temperatures using co-evaporation, making post-tempering at high temperatures unnecessary. These layers were used to demonstrate perovskite solar cells with initial efficiency over 12 percent and stable performance near 11 percent for over 1,200 hours.
Scientists at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne developed an enhanced photo-electrochemical system that, when used in conjunction with concentrated solar irradiation and smart thermal management, can turn solar power into hydrogen with a 17 percent conversion rate and unprecedented power and current density.
Researchers at University of Bristol demonstrated the high thermal conductivity of ultra-pure boron nitride—550 W/mK, twice that of copper—paving the way for safer and more efficient electronic devices.
University of Texas Permian Basin researchers are exploring a new method for capturing waste heat by harnessing the quantum mechanical motions of electrons in spin polarized materials. Since 2018, they have been using supercomputers to virtually test the energy profiles of a variety of cobalt oxides with a range of substitutions.
University of North Carolina’s Integrated Design Research Lab is developing a unitized curtain wall prototype fitted with patterned bands of microalgae capable of filtering polluted air and converting it into a source of renewable energy.
Researchers from Empa, University of Grenoble, and Laue-Langevin Institute used neutron tomography to produce 3D images of the interior of heated concrete. They found water in concrete moves away from heat source and accumulates, acting as a barrier preventing water vapor from escaping. The vapor pressure rises and the concrete explodes.
In a recent article on Engineering.com, printing section editor Michael Molitch-Hou traces the history of carbon fiber in the 3D printing industry, from its roots to its final applications and possible future.
A multi-institutional team including Northwestern University, North Dakota State University, and NIST designed an algorithm that is the first to accurately predict glass’s mechanical behavior at different temperatures and could result in the fast discovery of new materials, designed with optimal properties.
Borrowing a method from the field of drug discovery, researchers developed a material that combines the best properties of ceramics, metals, and plastics. The material, an alloy of iridium, nickel and tantalum, is a bulk metallic glass, and it has the strength of a ceramic, the ductility and conductivity of metals, and it can be molded like a plastic.
Researchers from Lehigh University, West Chester University, Osaka University, and University of Amsterdam demonstrated the possibility of color tuning gallium nitride-based LEDs simply by changing the time sequence at which the operation current is provided to the device.
University of Arkansas physicists are studying bismuth ferrite, a material that has the potential to store information much more efficiently than is currently possible. They are simulating conditions that enhance the magnetoelectric response to the point that it could be used to more efficiently store information by using electricity, rather than magnetism.