[Images above] Credit: NIST
University of Toronto researchers showed graphene is highly resistant to fatigue, able to withstand more than a billion cycles of high stress before it breaks. They also tested graphene oxide and its fatigue behaviour was more like traditional materials.
Researchers from the University of Göttingen, Chemnitz University of Technology, and Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt Braunschweig investigated the underlying crystal’s influence on the electrical resistance of graphene. Contrary to previous assumptions, the new results show the “proximity effect” process varies considerably at a nanometer scale.
Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and National Renewable Energy Laboratory outlined a pathway to slashing costs further for solar cells by slimming down the silicon cells themselves. They say the thickness could potentially be reduced to as little as 15 micrometers in the future.
Researchers from Hungary’s Szent István University conducted an analysis of the thermal behavior of PV modules under outdoor operating conditions through thermography, which they claim shows the most used software for temperature predictions may not be as precise as expected.
A team from Binghamton University, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology studied how gas molecules affect the atoms beneath the surface of cupric oxide. They hope the results can lead to better catalysts, improved batteries, longer-lasting vehicles, and other higher-quality products.
Engineers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology came up with a new electrode concept that, in addition to lithium metal, uses two additional classes of solids, “mixed ionic-electronic conductors” and “electron and Li-ion insulators,” so that the whole solid battery can remain mechanically and chemically stable as it goes through its cycles of use.
Michigan State University and Stanford University scientists developed a macrophage-specific nanotherapy based on single-walled carbon nanotubes that eats away—from the inside out—portions of plaques that cause heart attacks.
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology showed a palladium-based intermetallic electride, Y3Pd2, can improve efficiency of carbon-carbon cross-coupling reactions, which are among most widely used reactions for formation of carbon-carbon bonds in organic and medicinal chemistry.
Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers doped a cuprate containing layers of bismuth oxide, strontium oxide, calcium, and copper oxide so much that superconductivity eventually disappeared, which enabled them to identify that purely electronic interactions likely lead to high-temperature superconductivity.
The Royal Society of Chemistry announced the launch of Materials Advances, sister to Journal of Materials Chemistry A, B, and C. The new journal will be free to read and free to publish in for two years.