[Images above] Credit: NIST
Engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and University of Massachusetts at Lowell designed a metalens that precisely scatters incoming light to produce panoramic images. The metalens works in the infrared part of the spectrum, but the researchers say it could be modified to capture images using visible light as well.
Researchers from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and King’s College London proposed an alternative method for electrical pumping based on a double heterostructure with a tunneling Schottky contact that makes it possible to bring an electrically driven laser to the nanoscale while retaining ability to operate at room temp.
An Australian-led team confirmed that when calcium is added to graphene to create a superconductor, the calcium goes underneath both the upper graphene sheet and a lower “buffer” sheet, “floating” the graphene on a bed of calcium atoms above the substrate.
Rice University researchers studied aluminum nanoparticles with identical optical properties but different shapes. Tests showed octopods had a 10 times higher reaction rate than the 14-sided nanocrystals and five times higher than the nanocubes.
A team of researchers in Europe combined their knowledge and expertise to assess the current status of the sodium-ion technology from materials to cell development, offering a realistic comparison of the key performance indicators for sodium-ion batteries and lithium-ion batteries.
Researchers from The Pennsylvania State University and University of Delaware suggest using two thin films of different materials may be the way to go to create affordable, thin film cells with about 34% efficiency.
Researchers fully identified the nature of oxidized oxygen in lithium-rich nickel manganese cobalt using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering at the Diamond Light Source, the U.K.’s national synchrotron light source science facility.
University of Michigan researchers designed new thermal photovoltaic cells that reflect 99% of the energy they cannot convert to electricity. A conventional gold-backed thermophotovoltaic reflects 95% of the light it cannot absorb.
Researchers developed a manufacturing technique that uses a combination of computational modeling, porous structure design, and 3D printing to precisely customize the porous network of a porous ceramic material.
Researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design developed a method to perform direct ink writing 3D printing of milk-based products at room temperature, while maintaining its temperature sensitive nutrients.
Researchers from Michigan Technological University and Argonne National Laboratory mapped a noise-reducing magneto-optical response that occurs in fiber-optic communications using a state-of-the-art scanning transmission electron microscope acquired by Michigan Tech two years ago.
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory deposited and aligned carbon nanotubes on flat copper substrates, resulting in a metal-matrix composite material with better current handling capacity and mechanical properties than copper alone.
Japanese scientists have calculated that rare earth elements trapped in fish fossils in a 2,500-square-km zone around the western Pacific Ocean isle of Minami-tori-shima could supply four of the world’s rare earth element needs for hundreds of years. A recent paper looked to determine the origin of the fossils and whether there might be more elsewhere.