Reversible Electrochemical Cells for Interconversion between Fuel and Electricity
Hosted by: ACerS Energy Materials & Systems Division
Monday, October 3, 2022; 2 -3 p.m. Eastern US time
The ACerS EMSD is sponsoring the webinar, Reversible Electrochemical Cells for Interconversion between Fuel and Electricity, presented by Dr. Sossina M. Haile, Walter P. Murphy Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern University.
Over the past decade, the availability of electricity from sustainable energy sources has risen dramatically while the cost has fallen steeply. These factors have driven a surge in activity in the development of energy storage technologies. While much of this effort has been directed towards photocatalytically generated solar fuels and grid-scale batteries, reversible hydrogen electrochemical cells offer untapped opportunities. In particular, electrochemical cells based on proton conducting ceramic oxides are attractive candidates for interconversion between hydrogen and electricity. The proton conducting nature of the electrolyte provides inherent advantages in the gas flow configuration over traditional solid oxide cells in which the electrolyte is an oxygen ion conductor. We describe here recent progress in reversible protonic ceramic cells achieved using a combination of three advances: a new electrolyte composition, a new air electrode, and processing methods to decrease the contact resistance between these two components. The resulting cells display exceptional performance in both fuel cell and electrolysis modes. In the latter case, conversion efficiency suffers a small penalty due to slight electronic leakage across the cell. The cells are extremely stable over hundreds of hours of operation and dozens of cycles between electricity generation and hydrogen production. As such, protonic ceramic electrochemical cells are likely to play a major role in a sustainable energy future.
Sossina M. Haile is the Walter P. Murphy Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern University. She earned her Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1992. Sossina Haile’s research broadly encompasses materials, especially oxides, for sustainable electrochemical energy technologies. She has established a new class of fuel cells with record performance for clean and efficient electricity generation, demonstrated electrochemical cells for hydrogen production from electricity for long-term energy storage, and created new thermochemical approaches for harnessing sunlight to meet rising energy demands. Amongst her many awards, in 2008 Sossina Haile received an American Competitiveness and Innovation Fellowship from the U.S. National Science Foundation for “her timely and transformative research in the energy field and her dedication to inclusive mentoring, education and outreach across many levels.” She is a fellow of the Materials Research Society, the American Ceramics Society, and the African Academy of Sciences, and a corresponding Fellow the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences.
ACerS member: no cost
ACerS GGRN and Material Advantage student member: no cost
Non-member student: $15
If you have any questions, please contact Erica Zimmerman.
This webinar is brought to you by ACerS Energy Materials & Systems Division
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