New papers that have been accepted for publication in the Journal of the American Ceramic Society are posted to “Early View” on the Wiley website and can be read even before the issue is printed. Below are summaries of selected papers currently available via Early View.
All members of The American Ceramic Society receive free online access to JACerS. To access any of the ACerS journals, or to become a member, visit www.ceramics.org.
Sitaram Aryal, Paul Rulis and Wai-Yim ChingIn
This Feature Article, Aryal, Rulis and Ching from the University of Missouri-Kansas City describe a systematic and detailed theoretical investigation of the structures and properties of the phases in the aluminosilicate series Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x, where x is 0 to 1. They constructed many stoichiometric supercell models for the four well-known mullite phases in the series (3Al2O3∙3SiO2, 2Al2O3∙SiO2, 4Al2O3∙SiO2 and 9Al2O3∙SiO2) using experimentally reported crystal structures and systematic removal of selected atoms at the partially occupied sites to maintain charge neutrality. Aryal, Rulis and Ching then studied the electronic structure and mechanical properties of the series (as well as sillimanite, where x = 0, and silica-free τ-Al2O3, where x = 1) using first-principles calculations. They suggest that the first-principles results explain the experimentally observed structure and properties of mullite phases and their trends with x at the fundamental level.
Youngmin Lee, Suk-Rok Bae, Bong Je Park, Dong Wook Shin, Woon Jin Chung and Yong-Mook Kang
This team of researchers in Korea synthesized high-capacity anode materials from tin-based chalcogenide composites. The team reports that the tin-germanium-sulfur matrix suppresses the volume expansion that can result from alloying between tin and lithium as well as the grain growth associated with the low melting temperature of the tin.
Zuoan Li, Truls Norby and Reidar Haugsrud
These researchers from the University of Oslo used a wet chemical method with optimized ratios of citrate to nitrate and sintering to synthesize dense La2Ni0.9Cu0.1O4+δ ceramics. They report that less citrate decreases the required sintering temperature and improves oxygen permeation. They also report that the oxygen self-diffusion coefficient, oxygen chemical diffusion coefficient and surface exchange coefficient show Arrhenius-type behaviors.
Olivier Guillon, Jaemyung Chang, Silke Schaab and Suk-Joong L. Kang
This research team from Germany and the Republic of Korea applied a postsintering uniaxial mechanical load to dielectrics and multilayer ceramic capacitors during their cooling to room temperature from either below or above the Curie temperature. The team reports that after load release, the permittivity permanently increased at room temperature by about 8 to 11 percent.
Subramanian Ramalingam, Ivar E. Reimanis and Corinne E. Packard
These researchers from the Colorado School of Mines performed hundreds of low-load nanoindentation tests on polycrystalline and single-crystal β-LiAlSiO4 to characterize its reversible pressure-induced phase transformation to ε-LiAlSiO4. They report that higher loading rates suppress the deviation from isotropic elastic behavior-a signature of a thermally activated process-and that reversible hysteretic loops occur in the load-displacement curves-consistent with a reversible process during nanoindentation, namely, the phase transformation.
Maricela Lizcano, Andres Gonzalez, Sandip Basu, Karen Lozano and Miladin Radovic
A team from Texas A&M University and the University of Texas-Pan American evaluated the effects of chemistry as well as curing and aging conditions on water-loss kinetics, porosity and geopolymer (prepared from a metakaolin and potassium or sodium silicate solutions) structure. The team reports that the amount of water in the initial geopolymer mixture is the most dominant factor that affects density and open porosity of geopolymers after curing and aging and that the SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio has no direct effect on density and open porosity of the geopolymers.
I-Hao Chan, Jen-Chuan Chang, Chieh-Tze Sun, Mau-Phon Houng and Sheng-Yuan Chu
These researchers from Taiwan used radio-frequency sputtering to grow polycrystalline ZnO films with c-axis orientation on NKN-SrTiO3 ceramic substrates. They report that the preferred oriented ZnO film is beneficial for improving the electromechanical coupling coefficient of surface acoustic wave devices.
Nissim U. Navi, Roni Z. Shneck, Tatiana Y. Shvareva, Giora Kimmel, Jacob Zabicky, Moshe H. Mintz and Alexandra Navrotsky
This University of California-Davis and Israel research team used high-temperature solution calorimetry in molten 3Na2O∙MoO3 solvent to show positive enthalpy of mixing of (CaxSr1-x)TiO3 and (BaxSr1-x)TiO3 solid solutions. The team reports the tendency of SrTiO3 and BaTiO3 to separate from a CaTiO3 host matrix, which may be significant in perovskite-bearing nuclear waste ceramics incorporating 90Sr and 137Ba.