Materials & Innovations

From wound healing to surface disinfectant, researchers expand the potential of cerium oxide nanoparticles in medical applications

By Lisa McDonald / September 21, 2021

Cerium oxide nanoparticles have gained attention in biological fields due to their unique properties, including the ability to act as both an oxidation catalyst and reduction catalyst. In two new papers, researchers at the University of Central Florida explore the potential of these nanoparticles in wound healing and as a surface disinfectant.

Read More

To bilayers and beyond—researchers overcome the single-atomic-layer limit of borophene

By Lisa McDonald / August 31, 2021

Synthesizing multilayer borophene is difficult because of the tendency of boron atoms to cluster. Researchers at Northwestern and Rice Universities discovered they could synthesize bilayer borophene by growing it on a special silver substrate.

Read More

Restoration of porcelain artifacts: Opportunities and challenges for ceramic additive manufacturing

By Lisa McDonald / August 24, 2021

Plastics used to restore porcelain artifacts can become yellowish or differ in color from the ceramic base material over time. Researchers in Germany explored the potential of using ceramic additive manufacturing technologies and subtractive post-processing steps to restore porcelain artifacts instead.

Read More

Processing of high-performance materials, plus more inside September 2021 ACerS Bulletin

By Lisa McDonald / August 19, 2021

The September 2021 issue of the ACerS Bulletin—featuring processing of high-performance materials—is now available online. Plus—ACerS Awards and C&GM.

Read More

Diagnosing COVID-19 in children: Researchers identify biomarkers that indicate SARS-CoV-2 infection

By Lisa McDonald / August 13, 2021

Breathalyzers are a promising method for quickly screening groups of people for COVID-19. Researchers in Pennsylvania analyzed breath samples from children with and without SARS-CoV-2 infection to identify biomarkers that indicate infection.

Read More

Video: Reach your destination safely with in-shoe navigation

By Lisa McDonald / August 11, 2021

Navigating a big city can be challenging for people with visual impairment. A new in-shoe navigation system being developed through a Honda-based business creation program could help people expand their freedom of mobility.

Read More

Origami techniques unfold new opportunities for complex glass shaping

By Lisa McDonald / July 30, 2021

Processing options for glass are limited by its brittle nature and the requirement to achieve optical transparency. Researchers from Zhejiang University in China showed it is possible to make 3D objects out of transparent glass using origami techniques.

Read More

Improving production of GaN-based LEDs: Metalens takes ‘exceptional clear’ images of patterned sapphire substrate

By Lisa McDonald / July 23, 2021

Gallium nitride-based blue LEDs are typically grown on patterned sapphire substrates that are imaged using SEM and optical microscope systems to ensure the substrate has the correct structure. Researchers in Taiwan developed a new gallium nitride-based metalens that improves the clarity of substrate images.

Read More

Video: Filtration—another way to lactose-free milk

By Lisa McDonald / July 14, 2021

Lactose-free milk usually is created is by adding the enzyme lactase to regular milk—but filtration is another possible method that is gaining more attention. Researchers in Japan and Mexico developed new graphene oxide membranes that appear to filter lactose out of milk better than current commercial membranes.

Read More

A new frontier for 2D materials—researchers create high-entropy MXenes

By Lisa McDonald / July 6, 2021

Despite the extensive number of studies on high-entropy 3D crystalline solids, very little has been reported on high-entropy 2D materials. Researchers led by Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis demonstrated the opportunities for creating high-entropy 2D materials using MXenes.

Read More