Medical

Stop bleeding without adhering—carbon nanofiber coating offers superior bandage material

By Lisa McDonald / January 28, 2020

Materials to stop bleeding should ideally minimize blood loss while not sticking to the wound. Researchers from ETH Zurich and the National University of Singapore discovered coating gauze with a mix of silicone and carbon nanofibers achieves both objectives.

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Strong and long-lasting, treated phosphate glass shows promise for bone-replacement therapies

By Jonathon Foreman / January 21, 2020

Phosphate glass fibers show promise in bone-replacement therapies, but they are prone to premature fiber pull-out and breakage. Researchers in the United Kingdom and Egypt explored methods for stabilizing the fiber surface.

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A stimulating discovery: Bioactive glasses show promise in muscle regeneration

By Lisa McDonald / January 7, 2020

Current methods for repairing skeletal muscle have limited success. Researchers from the United States and China evaluated the potential of bioactive glass to stimulate muscle regeneration, with promising results.

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Video: Launch into testing—Lamborghini sends carbon fiber samples to International Space Station

By Lisa McDonald / November 6, 2019

On November 2, Lamborghini sent carbon fiber composite samples to the International Space Station to test the effects of extreme space conditions on composite materials. The project is part of a collaboration with the Houston Methodist Research Institute to research biocompatibility of composite materials.

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Repair tooth enamel by growing it

By Lisa McDonald / October 18, 2019

Enamel is the hardest tissue in the body—but it cannot self-repair when damaged. Due to its complex structure, creating enamel in the laboratory is difficult, but a new technique proposed by researchers in China may make growing enamel a reality.

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Frank inspiration: Hot dogs inspire 3D-printed bioceramic structure to repair bone

By April Gocha / October 8, 2019

An international team of scientists developed a unique 3D printing process to fabricate bioceramic structures—reminiscent of hot dogs—that frankly could be a fantastic solution to repair large bone defects.

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Keeping the beat—carbon nanotube fibers show promise to restore electrical conduction in damaged hearts

By April Gocha / October 1, 2019

Scientists at Rice University and Texas Heart Institute developed the first materials-based solution to repair electrical conduction defects in hearts—surgically sewing carbon nanotube fibers directly onto hearts to transmit electrical signals across damaged tissue.

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No bones about it—clay-enhanced hydrogel shows promise for treating bone defects

By Lisa McDonald / September 13, 2019

For hydrogels to promote tissue formation, they must be suitably porous to allow transplanted cells to move around. Researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles, created clay-enhanced hydrogels to increase pore size.

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Get inked with ceramics—or maybe not

By Lisa McDonald / September 6, 2019

Titanium dioxide is the second most common pigment used in tattoo inks. Yet researchers of two studies warn nano-TiO2 could travel to your lymph nodes—and bring metal particles from the needle along with it.

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Nanoscale bottles protect fatty acid payloads

By Lisa McDonald / August 23, 2019

Fatty acids, although biodegradable and biocompatible, experience poor dispersibility and stability under physiological conditions, hindering their application as drug-carrying materials. Researchers at Georgia Tech and Shandong University created silica-based nanocapsules that safely carry drug-containing fatty acids to a targeted destination.

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