Rouxel is a Mechanical Engineer (ENSAM, Paris), a Doctor in Ceramic Science (ENSCI, Limoges) and full Professor of Glass Science and Solid Mechanics at the University of Rennes 1. After obtaining an engineering diploma from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Arts et Métiers, Rouxel gained his Bachelor of Science degree (French DEA) from the University of Paris XIII, and his Ph.D (French Doctorate) from the University of Limoges.
After graduating he became a post-doctoral Fellow in the Government Industrial Research Institute of Nagoya (then the NIRIN, Japan) for one year and a half. He then held a position as a CNRS Researcher in Ceramics Science for four years, during which he spent several periods of study leave in the department of Materials Science at the University of Tokyo. In 1997, he was appointed Professor at the University of Rennes, where he founded a laboratory (LARMAUR) devoted to the study of surface mechanics problems, and flow and fracture in advanced glasses and ceramics. He is the author of approximately 150 papers in scientific journals, four patents, and five book chapters. He is also an associate editor of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society.